If asked. most people would fault as the cause of the civil war the issue of bondage. This is apprehensible ; many people in the U. S. at the clip were against bondage. traveling to far as to assist runaway slaves escape to the free North. But. while bondage at face value was a major factor. international political relations and economic sciences played a major function. Several factors. including the election of Lincoln. the foray on Harper’s Ferry. the Dred Scott determination. and. most significantly. the fleeting slave jurisprudence. contributed to the turning rift between the North and South and. finally. the Civil War.
Abraham Lincoln is most ever associated with the Civil War. But. he was non elected through a bulk of the popular ballot. In fact. with lone 40 per centum of the popular ballot. he wasn’t even near to a bulk. His Republican platform reached out to many groups. but left out the South. Many Southerners thought he was an emancipationist. although he did prefer pecuniary compensation and a Union. As a consequence of southern frights over Lincoln. he was non allowed on the ballot in 10 southern provinces. and many provinces threatened to splinter if he was elected. His election prompted the first province. South Carolina. to splinter from the Union. and started the Civil War.
This contributed to the turning rift greatly. in that the South non merely felt their supports were being threatened through the possible loss of their slaves. but besides had a sense of disenfranchisement at the polls. because the minority campaigner won. But. even though if Lincoln had non been elected. the Civil War would hold been delayed. Lincoln was truly merely the straw that broke the camel’s back. The South was looking for an alibi to splinter. and Lincoln gave it excessively him. which makes this election a comparatively minor event in lending to the civil war.
But. while Lincoln was the straw. the North had placed many other loads on the South’s proverbial camel. In 1859. emancipationist John Brown decided to try to motivate a slave rebellion. At Harper’s Ferry. Brown attacked an armory. The consequence was seven people dead. no slave originating ( they were non cognizant of the enterprise ) . and John Brown martyred for the emancipationist cause. Avid emancipationists praised Brown. but Southerners saw him as a liquidator. What angered the south most. nevertheless. was non that a overzealous murdered seven people. but that abolitionists in the North financed him. The rift widened between the North and South for Southerners. who believed there was a confederacy in the North to direct armed packs to steal slaves and slaying guiltless people. The Raid on Harper’s Ferry added more to the turning crevice between the North and the South than Lincoln’s election.
Whereas the Raid on Harper’s Ferry increased tensenesss in the South. the Dred Scott Decision worried the North. Dred Scott was a black slave on free district who sued for his freedom. The Supreme Court ruled that he was non a citizen. but besides included the more comprehensive judgement that slaves could be taken into any district and held in bondage. Northern emancipationists were shocked ; their program for via media was no more bondage in any district. and this opinion shut down their cause. Abolitionists feared that bondage would now distribute into more districts. and Northern democrats. who favored popular sovereignty. and southern Democrats. who favored bondage. were divided further in the Dred Scott Decision. This instance contributed to the division of the Democratic Party. who so nominated three separate campaigners. resulted in the election of Lincoln. and set in gesture the sezessions that caused the Civil War.
Although Dred Scott did scare many emancipationists. the most of import subscriber to the turning rift between the North and the South was the Fugitive Slave jurisprudence. This jurisprudence empowered every individual to move as a slave backstop. prohibit anyone from assisting an alleged slave. and allowed slave proprietors to merely province ownership of the slave in inquiry in order to take him into detention. While originally a political move to pacify the South. the consequence was a widening rift. The South was angered by a widespread refusal of Northerners to put to death the jurisprudence. another northern confederacy to disfranchise the South.
The North was angered because they were being forced to travel against their rules. against their deepest beliefs. and send fleeting slaves. or even freeborn inkinesss. back to the South. The Northerners were forced to take between staying by the jurisprudence. and assisting a fellow human being. It put a human face on bondage for Northerners. and polarized the two parts. The Fugitive Slave jurisprudence was the most important factor in lending to the rift between the North and the South. and. finally. the Civil War.
The Civil War had legion. complicated causes. The tensenesss between the fabricating North and the agricultural South had been turning for decennaries before it rose to a furuncle in 1861. Slavery was a major factor. both politically and morally. The Civil War kept the Union together. at the cost of 1000s of lives. but at the same clip resulted in a new rental on life for 1000s of slaves. The Fugitive Slave Law. the election of Lincoln. the foray at Harper’s Ferry. and the Dred Scott determination wholly contributed to the Civil War. and therefore. to the stoping of bondage in America