Hemingway Crucifixion Symbolism Hemingway used short, simple sentences and writing methods, but his words carried imagery that displayed a deeper meaning. Hemingway managed to demonstrate his religion throughout his writing with literature techniques. All through the novel The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway refers back to the bible by likening the old man to Jesus. Santiago is compared to Jesus in the novel by allusions and genuinely grand imagery throughout the text before, during and after the crucifixion.
Santiago, the old man in the novel, is corroborated as Jesus in the writing in illusion to Jesus life before crucifixion. For example, “But after forty days without a fish… ” Hemingway is relating Santiago forty days without a catch to Jesus walk through the desert that lasted forty days without water. The number is considered biblical, so his mentioning it in the story was an allusion in itself. Hemingway wrote, “He felt the line carefully with his right hand and noticed his hand was bleeding. He is relating the cut on the old man’s hand to the torture Jesus went through before being crucified. In elation to the old man’s struggle before the fish is actually caught and the physical and psychological pain Jesus went through before being executed. Santiago is shown struggling against the fish for a long and tortuous time, Just as Jesus straw hat hard down on his head before he hooked the fish and it was cutting his forehead. ” This is a reference to the crown of thorns making Jesus bleed. Both headpieces injure and cause extreme discomfort that neither can change at that moment.
Another instance of this is, “There is no translation for his word and perhaps it is Just a noise such as a man might make, involuntarily, feeling the nail go through his hand and into the wood. ” This passage is talking about the small noise Santiago made as he was battling the fish. The word, lay’, was an exclamation of pain Jesus might have made when he was being nailed to the cross. In the novel, the fish dies instead of Santiago, momentarily transitioning the Jesus comparison from Santiago to the extraordinary marlin, but the relation of the men after the crucifixion is still prominent..
The novel reads this as, “Then he shouldered the mast and started to climb. ” Hemingway uses the allusion of both men carrying cross-shaped burdens on their backs. Santiago struggled and had to rest to get the mast home same as Jesus carried the cross on his shoulders. Another instance that this happens is, “Then the fish came alive, with his death in him… ” This is an analogy to the way Jesus rose after his death with life in him. The fish died permanently, unfortunately not having the power to Using exemplary imagery and allusions, Hemingway successfully connects
Santiago to Jesus and demonstrates their struggles as honorable. Further use of this technique, the book has several examples not mentioned above that Jesus is thinly veiled as Santiago. Hemingway managed, adeptly, to organize the events in the novel to sequence themselves with the events in the bible. His extraordinary writing skill and imagery techniques displayed Santiago as Jesus before, during, and after crucifixion with ease any knowledge level could understand. Works Cited Hemingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. New York: Scribner’s, 2003. Print.